Tracing the Architecture of India and Pakistan by Ishaan Sudan

It is only after the partition in 1947,  that the Indian empire got divided into India and Pakistan .The history of the Indian empire includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the blending of the Indus Valley Civilization and Indo-Aryan culture into the Vedic Civilization; the development of Hinduism as a synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions ; the growth of Muslim dynasties during the Medieval period intertwined with Hindu powers; the advent of European traders resulting in the establishment of the British rule; and the subsequent independence movement that led to the Partition of India and the creation of the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Prior to their separation, India and Pakistan shared the same heritage and culture, similarities of which are evident to this day.

 

With the rise of Buddhism outstanding architectural monuments were developed, which have lasted into the present. Important remnants of Buddhist construction are stupas and other buildings with clearly recognizable Greek statues ,etc. Both India and Pakistan have monuments of this era. A particularly beautiful example of Buddhist architecture are the ruins of the Buddhist monastery Takht-i-Bahi in the northwest province in Pakistan. The Buddhist stupa, a dome shaped monument, was used in India as a commemorative monument associated with storing sacred relics.The stupa architecture was adopted in Southeast and East Asia, where it became prominent as a Buddhist monument used for enshrining sacred relics.

 

A smooth transition to the Islamic architecture occurred during the Mughal rule. Mughal tombs of sandstone and marble show Persian influence. Early mosques were built with decorations oriented them strongly to the Arab style.  In India ,the architecture during the Mughal Period, has shown a notable blend of Indian style combined with the Islamic. The Red fort ,the Taj Mahal ,Jama Masjid ,the Old Fort ,etc. Taj Mahal in Agra, India is one of the wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is a symbol of love for some, and barbaric brutality to others due to the treatment meted out to the artisans who built it.

 

The earliest example of a mosque from the days of infancy of Islam in South Asia is the Mihrab Lose mosque of Banbhore, from the year 727, the first Muslim place of worship on the Indian Subcontinent(Now Pakistan). Under the Delhi Sultan  the Persian-central asiatic style ascended over Arab influences. Most important characteristic of this style is the Iwan, which is walled on three sides, with one end entirely open. Further characteristics are wide prayer halls, round domes with mosaics and geometrical samples and the use of painted tiles. The most important of the few completely discovered buildings of Persian style is the tomb of the Shah Rukn-i-Alam (built 1320 to 1324) in Multan. At the start of the 16th century, the Indo-Islamic architecture was at the height of its boom. During the Mughal era design elements of Islamic-Persian architecture were fused with and often produced playful forms of the Hindustani art. Lahore, which was an occasional residence of Mughal rulers, exhibits a multiplicity of important buildings from the empire, among them are the Badshahi mosque, the fortress of Lahore with the famous Alamgiri Gate, the Wazir Khan Mosque,  as well as numerous other mosques and mausoleums. Also the Shahjahan Mosque of Thatta in Sindh originates from the epoch of the Mughals.The architecture and plan of Badshahi Masjid which was built by Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb in Lahore is closely related to that of the Jama masjid which is located in New Delhi. Taj-ul-Masajid is a Mosque situated in Bhopal is the largest mosque in India.

 

The British arrived in 1615 and over the centuries, gradually overthrew the Maratha and Sikh empires and other small independent kingdoms. Britain ruled India for over three hundred years and their legacy still remains through some building and infrastructure they left behind. The major cities colonized during this period were Madras, Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, Agra, Bankipore, Karachi, Nagpur, Bhopal and Hyderabad. In the British colonial age predominantly representative buildings of the Indo-European style developed, from a mixture of European and Indian-Islamic components. Amongst the more prominent works are Mohatta Palace and Frere Hall in Karachi. St Andrew’s Kirk, Madras is known for its colonial architecture. The building is circular in form and is sided by two rectangular sections one is the entrance porch. The entrance is lined with twelve colonnades and two British lions and motto of East India Company engraved on them. The interior holds sixteen columns and the dome is painted blue with decorated with gold stars. The Britishers are also responsible for the railways in India and Pakistan.

 

At present we can still see similarities like shopping malls, crowded street markets, Universities ,Religious buildings , metros and much more. Even though an evident distinction has been created in the subcontinent through the creation of the two nations, their architectural similarities continue to bind them together as one.

 

Food uniting Indo-Pak by Aishley Verma

Every country, region and even local regional people have their own
taste and to cater to that everyone has their own style of food,
dishes and own recipes. In sub-continent, while Sri Lanka and
Bangladesh have hundreds of dishes related to rice and fishes alone,
its the rich Pakistani and Indian culture that have thousands if not
millions of recipes. In Pakistan, we have regional dishes and food and
then there are dishes popular country wide. The food and recipes are
inspired from neighbouring Afghanistan, Punjab has a rich culture,
Sindh and Balochistan have their own traditional food. Some
traditional and popular food throughout stand apart all and are
equally liked by everyone.
The breakfast, lunch, dinner,desserts everything has some way or the
other some similarities.
North Indian food is highly influenced by the Afghan flavor lent by
the Afghan invaders. this makes a parallel between the Indian culture
and at the end of the story drawing a parallel these two countries.
Following are dishes which really famous and common across the country
and masses. These are follows:
1) Sewai (desserts):
Sewai has always been a romantic dessert
– one that celebrates the romance of  the land’s history, the warmth
of Pakistani hospitality, the cool sea breeze of the coast of the
Arabian Sea and the love we have for our Land of the Pure (the literal
meaning of the word Pakistan). It highlights all the aromas used in
our desserts, ones borrowed from our Mughal heritage, Irani influences
and Muslim traditions.
This is one of the most significant dish of Muslims festival Eid, also
in common with Indian sweet dish.

2) Biryani and Pulaos:
Biryani and Pakistani foods are
directly linked. No Pakistani feast is complete without its presence.
It is basically a South Indian dish but it became a smashing hit in
Pakistan for people here are crazy about it. It is made from rice and
meat of any type. Biryani took many forms and shapes and even recipe
variations here such as Mutton Biryani, Sindhi BIryani, Tikka Biryani,
aalo Biryani etc.
Similarly, Pulao comes second after it. It has many forms and methods
of cooking because of the variation of culture and differences of
areas.

3) Makki ki roti sarso ka saag:
Makai ki Roti with
Sarsoon da saag is a famous Punjabi recipe. It involves mustard
leaves, makai flour and that’s it. Whenever there is a need to
represent village culture of Pakistan, it is shown to be eaten.

4) Kabbabs/ naan:
Naan Kababs are not dishes actually but
kind of essential add-ons or pop-ups of a Pakistani dining table.
Kebab is made from minced meat and naan with flour dough. There is a
wide variety of kababs in a Pakistani dinner table like Shami Kabab,
Tikka Kabab, Gola Kabab, Seekh Kabab, Aalo kabab, Chapli Kabab,
Chappli Kabab and many more.They are either used together or
separately or with other dishes such as Pualo Kabab, Bun kabab or naan
nehari etc.
Naan also has many forms like Qeema Nan, Aalo Nan, Roghni Nan and so
on, especially Roghni naan is very popular among Pakistanis.
These two are popular in Pakistan as well as in India.

5) Korma and Nehari:
Korma & Nehari are also yummy
Pakistani food items. Meat is involved in cooking both the dishes.
People enjoy eating them on special occasions such as weddings,
dinners, parties and hangouts etc.

6) Halwa Puri:
Halwa Puri is the last but not least especial
breakfast item of Pakistan. It is originated from Punjab but famous
all over the world for its yummy taste and halwa eye-catching color.
Halwa is a sweet dish that involves Suji, a kind of flour and sugar
majorly; while Puri is made out of gram-flour and then deep fried in
the oil.
the above discussed food items are enjoyed by Pakistani and the
Indians on their festivals, irrespective of their religion.

Hindustan ho ya Pakistan, baat to ek hi hai by Kshitija Chand

Hindustan ho ya Pakistan bat toh ek he hai.
 
Kon kehta hai Hindustan or Pakistan do alag desh hai?
Pakistan mei bhi kal azaadi ka jashan manaya gya tha
Aaj Hindustan mei bhii azaadi ka jashan manaya ja rha hai
 
Jab waha ke logo mei bhi khushi hai
Jab yaha ke logo mei bhi khushi hai
 
Toh kis bat ki ek dusre se rusiii hai?
 
Pakistan ne bhi apna ghr jee jan se paya tha
Hindustan ne bhi apna ghr jee jaan se paya tha
 
The vo sath tab jab unhone ek dusre ke sath milkar angreezo ko bhagaya tha

Par kismat bhi ajeeb hai.
Alag he khel khela tha ek taraf khushi se sabki jholi bhari thi
Toh dusri aur bhai se bhai ka rishta toda tha
 
Saal beth gye
Bhai bhai se aur ruth gyaa
Aur dur aur dur hota gyaa
Beech mei aagyi ek deewar jise khatam karna haii hamara antim chahat
 
Par kya yeh sambhav hai?

Bhai miljae bhai se
Ek hojae pyaar se
Umang faila deh har aur se
Kyuki Hindustan ho ya Pakistan bat toh ek he hai…..

Connected at Heart by Bella Patel

Recently, Pakistan Army director general military operations (DGMO) called his Indian counterpart and offered assistance for the rescue of Indian Army personnel who went missing after an avalanche hit the Siachen glacier area.
Ten Indian soldiers were feared buried in an avalanche that hit Siachen glacier in the India-held portion of Kashmir on Wednesday, The soldiers were hit while on duty at a post at an altitude of 19,000 feet.

In other news, Geeta, a deaf-mute woman in her early 20s, is finally back in India today after spending 13 years in Pakistan.

The Hindu woman was about 11-years-old when she had wandered over one of the world’s most militarised borders and landed in Lahore. It is not yet clear how she crossed the border. Her story has captivated both Pakistanis and Indians after a Bollywood film with a similar plot was released in 2015. In the movie, Bajrangi Bhaijaan, actor Salman Khan plays an Indian man who travels to Pakistan to reunite a deaf-mute girl with her family.
In Geeta’s homecoming, on the other hand, one of Pakistan’s largest charity organisations has played hero.

Do you still think we are apart? We are connected at heart. We don’t even need similarities to be united.

Pukaar by Priyamvada Rana

पुकार

मैने ढूंदना चाहा उस लकीर को,
जिसने मिट्टी को हमारी बाँटा था,
शायद उन्ही लकीरों के जंजाल मे फंस कर,
मेरा तार तुमतक ना पहुंच पाता था…

मोहोब्बत से गुलज़ार था मेरा दिल,
इश्क़ करने से इसे मैने भी नहीं रोका,
उन वादियओं में मोहोब्बत का आग़ाज़,
तो मेरा मन कबसे करना चाहता था।

“शायद ‘कश्मीर’ क पहाड़ बहुत ऊँचे होंगे”,
कहकर मैने खुद को समझाया था,
हो ना हो उन्ही से टकराकर,
ख़त मेरा वापस आता था।

‘झेलम’ क किनारे कितनी बार बैठ,
लिखा मैने मोहोंब्बत का अफ़साना था,
‘उनके’ डर से बहती थी झेलम भी उल्टी,
इसलिए वो खत सिर्फ़ मुझतक ही रहजाता था।

‘थार’ के रेगिस्तान मे भी मैने,
उस ग़ज़ल को अपनी दफ़नाया था,
शायद धूमिल हो चले थे वो अक्षर,
जिनसे संदेश मैने अपना पिरोया था।

ये मन आज भी भरता है पन्ने,
उसको ना बंदूक,ना मज़हब का डर है,
जिज्ञासु है आज भी जानने के लिए,
की तुम्हारा हाल उस पार कैसा है,

इसे ख़त कहो या संदेश,
ये अब मेरे मन का दर्पण बन चुका है,
जो मिले वो खत तुम्हे तो देखना,
उस शीशे मै क्या तुम्हें भी कोइ अपना दिखता है!

By Priyamvadha Rana

Bollywood going beyond borders by Ashri Khandelwal

Needless to say, everyone is well aware about our relations with neighbouring country Pakistan and the usual conflicts that crops up every now and then, because of which we never had an affectionate bond with them. But, what we are unaware about is that in bits and parts we really are connected with them and share common things. We all are children of this mother land, just divided by a transparent wall, which as an obstacle prevent us to grow this seed of bond with our brothers Pakistanis. I am really happy to share some instances when our Bollywood stars nailed it by speaking for the Pakistanis by telling that we do are no different from Pakistanis in fact, we are brothers just living in two other countries and we love them but hesitant to show the same. Therefore we should join hands and break this stereotype in a bollywood style!
Richa Chadda, is an Indian actress who works in hindi films and is well known for her marvellous acting skills as a supporting actress several times. Recently, she was in Australia with Fawad khan and Anurag kashyap for attending Indian Film Festival of Melbourne. Naturally, celebrities have to interact with media too and so this journalist questioned Fawad Khan about differences between Pak and India. To this Richa Chadda answered cutting in , on behalf of the Pakistani actor and said “You know we were colonised by the British for a really long time.. I am sorry if i am offending anybody here, but if you look at worldwide history, every time the British left an empire, they divided it. Whether it was North Korea or South Korea, then there was Germany. It is a part of the strategy to keep political unrest to sort of maintain a global kind of, I am sorry but your question to me doesn’t make sense because I WILL HAVE FAR MORE IN COMMON WITH FAWAD KHAN because i am from North of India than I will have with somebody who is a tam brah or may be Malayali or from the North East. I think we should avoid stereotyping in questioning or creating some kind of contradiction here because the whole intent and especially art does not really have any borders”.
Bollywood superstar Salman Khan adds to the list of stars speaking out against intolerance and in support of Pakistani stars working in India. Bajrangi Bhaijaan actor said “ If someone wants a Pakistani actor who can portray a role better, nobody can put a constraint. Bollywood has a huge number of fans in Pakistan and earns a good share of income from the neighbouring country. India love to watch each and every entertainment show, including popular Pakistani shows.”
While, Pakistani Director Saboha Sumar of the critically- acclaimed film ‘Khamosh Pani’ also shared her great thought to build up our relation with them. The 53 year old filmmaker said that “Cinema can bridge the gap between the two nations only when exchange of artistes takes place. There should be a co- production treaty between India and Pakistan. It is cheaper to shoot in Pakistan as compared to India and therefore Iniian filmmakers could really benefit. Our actors are loved by Indians and are popular as well. It can be a win- win situation for both the sides.”
From copying various fashion trends, lifestyle inspired by their life, we do follow our favourite celebs in every walk of our lives. Then why not, share common thought of breaking the bad notion about Pakistanis? It’s all on us. We can make this flop relation a blockbuster one and start loving them as our brothers. This simple step may do miracles , as every drop counts.

Peace knows no borders by Balmei Daime

To think beyond the control accessing to a large range of our minds exclusively of perpetual peace. Time will tell yet peace is the reflection of our actions.

A novel soon to be launch was available for a pre-order on online shopping site, however, a reader across the border couldn’t ordered a copy despite her enthusiasm to read a promising fantastic novel due to error in geographical zip codes. To surprise the author of the book responded to her and resolved to her depression. The author promise to ship her copy along with a signed photo framed. Such is a very kind gesture and flame of love.

This is one instance, to ensure we can do more and much better. This is a significant implication to fortifying the social fabrics. The generations have paid for under assorted exertions to keep peace on
earth and we (youth) are responsible to take ahead the legacy more vibrant and far more reaching.

To quote Dwight D. Eisenhower, ‘we seek peace, knowing that peace is the climate of freedom.’ Independence has to be justified only when peace is delivered to people. All we are doing is sending a great message to people across the borders helping them to restore their faith in their dream of oneness. It is everyone’s dream to manifest our greatness through peace. We are destined to bring alive the past glory of great civilizations and generations back when once we lived in as a thali. With foods of each bowl in thali giving different taste combines to give a delicious meal. Here to decide the challenge; seek to dim the imaginary border through formulating and reforming the thought process, to explore the lasting theme of peace.

When storms raged, ‘peace be still’ that is the hope. Young minds be optimistic. And we believe in possibility.

That One Tear by Poonam Sharma

Candle still lights
Wind still blows.
Love between our hearts
Even now flows.

Blood in our veins
Has the same colour.
Same is the passion
Common our valour.

Love is all around
Faith still abounds
Then where’s the difference?
I think just one.

A storm of hatred
Has sweeped the air.
That was once pure
And happily did we share.

What’s now left
Is just one tear.
That has blurred eyes
And we can’t see clear.

-Poonam Sharmav

Peace, Love and Friendship by Surbhi Nahata

 

“With every true friendship, we build more firmly the foundations on which the peace of the whole world rests.”

– Mahatma Gandhi.

 

Peace begins with the individual, it is voluntary.

India and Pakistan are the two neighbouring countries that have had their own histories. The relations between the two countries have experienced quite a few ups and downs. Peaceful relations between the two countries is a distant dream, but who said that it can’t be achieved? The solution can be channelized by the youth of the countries. The idea of ‘Peaceful Development and Developmental Peace‘, if inculcated in the minds of youth has the potential to coordinate and carry out activities that will eventually lead to the establishment of peace.

India and Pakistan can be described as a land of diversities. The diversities relate to races, manners and customs. Both the countries, to some degree, have similar cuisines, languages and cultures. All these factors contribute in the strengthening of the historical ties between them. The cultural links have played a very crucial role in establishing amicable relations between the two nations. Pakistani singers, musicians, comedians and entertainers have enjoyed widespread popularity in India, with many achieving overnight fame in the Indian film industry, Bollywood. Likewise, Indian music and films are very popular in Pakistan also.

Celebrities like Fawad Khan, Rahat Fateh Ali Khan and Atif Aslam from Pakistan have created waves with their talent in Bollywood. An Indian television group has launched a new television channel, Zindagi. The specialty of this channel is that it caters Indian audience with Pakistani content. This channel is presenting handpicked stories from Pakistani writers. These stories revolve around the everyday life of people in Pakistan. Coke Studio Pakistan, a music television series has also gained huge masses of fans and received critical acclaim. Bollywood is as popular in Pakistan as in India. Ekta Kapoor’s daily soaps rule the hearts and minds of the housewives in our neighbouring country.

Relations between the two countries have resumed through platforms such as media and communications. The unanimous success of ‘Bajrangi Bhaijaan‘ propagated a positive message of peace, unity and brotherhood on both the sides of the border, proving that there’s a strong force in the soft power of our entertainment industry.

Both the countries share a similar fondness for food. Karachi biscuits from Hyderabad are well known in Pakistan. The Pakistani food festival that was organized in Delhi, recently, became the talk of the town. Their cuisine is very similar to the North Indian cuisine. Chicken Tikka, Shami kebab, Korma are some of their local dishes that have wide popularity in India. Iqbal Latif, owner of 26 Dunkin’ Donuts franchise across Pakistan took an initiative and decided to extend a gesture to improve and promote brotherhood and friendship between the two countries. On October 17, 2015, his Dunkin’ Donut outlets in Islamabad, Lahore and Peshawar offered all Indian visitors a free meal and a doughnut to “promote harmony, peace, love and understanding” between the two neighbours. “It’s not a big deal, but an effort to invoke the teachings of Gandhiji who preached love and co-existence all his life,” Latif told Dawn in an interview.

Sporting ties between the two countries have also improved over the past few decades. Cricket and Hockey have earned thousands of fans across the borders.

Recently, Indian cricketers were winding up their practice session and their Pakistan counterparts had just arrived. It’s not known whether Mohammad Amir is a fan of Virat Kohli, but when the two bumped into each other, the Pakistan fast bowler asked for a bat. Kohli happily obliged. It looked like an extension of the Asia Cup camaraderie, when Kohli had wished Amir luck on his return to international cricket.

Virat Kohli, but when the two bumped into each other, the Pakistan fast bowler asked for a bat. Kohli happily obliged. It looked like an extension of the Asia Cup camaraderie, when Kohli had wished Amir luck on his return to international cricket.

The marriage between Shoaib Malik and Sania Mirza is a perfect example of the transcendental force of nature, love. It is far reaching and has no boundaries. Peace, Love and Friendship have the power to bridge the gap between the two nations.

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