Thinking Beyond Oneself In Life

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Srishti Chauhan, Trustee YFPI , shares a very personal experience of hers in the camp and how she is looking at life through this.

On 25th November I visited the camps with the YFPI team and Deloitte had joined us that day. After we had distributed the food packets to the kids, we conducted a Play for Peace session which was being facilitated by fellow team members Saumya and Niharika. The kids were very happy after having their scrumptious meals and were also enjoying the activities. I was just standing there and looking after the kids. Suddenly, I saw a kid who was disturbing everyone.

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‘Sangharsha’- Reaching out to the Refugee

Demonetisation in India did not only render Indians helpless it affected the refugees more so, lives altered evermore by trauma had to cope with no money for food, no bank accounts to deposit money in and no way to exchange old currency for new. 


One of YFPI’s main concerns has always been to educate the refugees’ kids about how to best take care of themselves and maintain good hygiene so that what illnesses can be avoided should be avoided. Our team visited the Shaheenbagh camp on 21st of November with the intention of teaching the children about basic hygiene through games and interactive videos we were accompanied by a team from Delloite who also actively engaged with the children and distributed food and goodies. 


The day began at 9:00 AM at the Rohingya refugee camp, the children assembled at the make shift school in the camp eager to experience what we had in store for them, after an initial ice breaker session where we played games such as follow the leader, make it rain, poshampa and danced to popular Hindi kids music our team began the sanitation workshop with an introduction to body parts and what they are called in both Hindi and English, we followed up the introduction with a group game called “germ invasion” in which the children were divided into two groups, one group was the human group and the other group was the germ group, the human group was asked basic hygiene questions like “how many times do you brush in a day?” or “should you wash your hands after blowing your nose?” for every wrong answer one person from the germ group would invade the human group at the end of the exercise the children were asked to reflect upon their bad habits and how they could cause them to fall ill after which communicative diseases were discussed in a simple manner, to help them understand the concepts better an animated health and hygiene video in Hindi was shown to them which they thoroughly enjoyed. 


Upon the arrival of the team from Deloitte, food boxes were distributed to the children, for which they were very grateful as food has been a constant problem since the demonetisation and even two meals a day are hard to come by, once the children were done eating and had gotten accustomed to the new people in black and were happily socializing with them we returned to the sessions, the next activity was the “glitter germs” game which was also played by the Deloitte team, a pinch of glitter was given to each child and adult sitting in the circle without telling them the motive behind the activity, they were asked to shake hands with each other, as expected by the end of this most people were covered in glitter or “chamkila” as the kids like to call it, we then went on to discuss what the “chamkila” represented i.e. Germs and how important hand washing is, to teach the kids how to properly wash hands a catchy hand washing song was taught to them.

“Top and bottom, Top and bottom 
In between, In between 
Crush, Crush, rub, rub
Crush, crush, rub, rub
Now we’re clean! Now we’re clean!”

The children were quick to memorize it and sang it together multiple times.Since the day had been tiring the team and the kids did an energising exercise called “reaching for the stars” involving stretches to improve circulation and create a few laughs! As the adults looked on from the outside of the school we went on to do a few “play for peace” games such as “fruit salad” and “elephant baby” which are age appropriate and sing song activities that children thoroughly enjoyed. 
The children danced to a few songs again and sat down for a drawing session with the Deloitte team, who distributed papers, colours and drew and coloured with them.

This brought us to the end of our session with the children, the day ended on a high for the kids as they received more food boxes, stationery kits, chips, notebooks and colours from the gracious Deloitte team. 
YFPI members and the visiting team gathered at the school with the camp leaders to better understand certain issues faced by them such as, problems with IDs, money exchange, jobs, clean drinking water, hygiene in the camps, lack of proper education for the children, death of close friends and relatives back in Myanmar due to mass “ethnic cleansing” leading to deaths in staggering numbers as far as the Muslim minority is concerned. We hope the session with the leaders helped the Deloitte team better understanding the lives of refugees in camps such as these. 

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The day ended at 5 PM with an internal meeting of the YFPI team upon the departure of the team from Deloitte, where the pros and cons of the day were assessed and the day was declared a success, the YFPI team left the Rohingya camp with their resolve to help the Rohingya community strengthened.

Play for Peace with Abha Jeurkar

On 29th October 2016, Youth for Peace International, with the help of Ms. Abha Jeurkar hosted a ‘Play for Peace’ session for the kids at the Shaheenbagh (New Delhi) refugee camp, She an ex-engineer now a Certified Trainer for Play for Peace firmly believe in using the joy of cooperative play to create an atmosphere of laughter, compassion and peace with communities in conflict. As an added bonus Youth Alliance International’s Co-Founder Shah Imtiaz Hossain joined for the session. YFPI got acquainted with Ms. Abha and Mr. Imtiaz during the 5 day Training of Trainers session on Youth and Peacebuilding in Chandigarh from 18-22nd of October.

By 11:00 PM the team had already reached the camp and was having a quick meet and greet with the leaders of the camp. With the help of Mr. Osman ji (one of the leaders of the camp), we gathered as many children as we could to begin the workshop inside the little school in the camp. It’s interesting to note that some of the kids were reluctant to get involved because they were not Muslim and were afraid of getting cornered by the rest. The same situation was noticed during the Humor for Peace workshop as well.

The first step was to break the ice. Ms. Abha started with a simple exercise where she asked the kids to form a circle and mock her actions. It was a good way of determining the level of understanding of the kids so that she could decide on the next few games. It was evident that not everyone there understood her, but that’s where Mr. Imtiaz and Mr. Ali Johar played a crucial role.

Daardi wale baba, Hathi ka bacha, Watermelon, Aa rum sum sum, and Haryali were among the few games that were played. You could see the power word of mouth as after almost every game, 5-10 new kids joined in, and the circle that they initially formed kept getting bigger and bigger to the point where the room became too small.

One of the challenges for us while working with the refugees here was communication. Having Mr. Imtiaz and Mr. Ali Johar with us this time around was a totally different experience. We got more respect from the leaders because we brought people who spoke their language, so they must have felt homely. What was even more exciting to see was the reaction of the kids when they realized the same

A good 10% of the kids were too young to understand and play the games fully, but it was evident of the faces of the rest that they were having fun like they had not in a long time. That day we not only build rapport with the kids, but even the adults there saw the power of Play for Peace on the kids. Hence it must be noted that it was overall a great day for YFPI as peacebuilders for it was another stepping stone towards our end goal for the camps.


Here is a little side story from the same day:

refugeeee

Richa Gupta (Associate at YFPI) had an interesting conversation with a Rohingya individual (unfortunately I do not recall his name) living there that will make you realize that even though they were thrown out of their own nation and are living in squalor, they still are capable of self-sufficiency because they have the desire in them to rebuild their life. This individual works throughout the week to support his family, but on the weekends he takes carpentry lessons. He says he wants to learn English, because the carpentry course is in English and without English he is only able to understand in bits and pieces.

We at Youth for Peace International would like to thank Ms. Abha Jeurkar spending time with the kids at the Shaheenbagh camp. We have learned so much from you, and we hope to continue conducting such sessions regularly with the kids in all the camps.

 

Sahil Bakshi

Pictures: Kunal Raj

RESOURCE INEQUALITIES AND HARDSHIPS IN LIFE

My domestic help, Rajkumari, 34, has been working at our home for the past 10 years. She lives in an urban slum with minimum facilities provided by the government. She is a widower with two sons, one being her step son has abandoned her after using her resources. She lives with her 17 year old boy, Monu. Now Monu is a young chap, who quit school after 10th grade because he “didn’t want to study anymore.” He has become a victim of drug addiction. He often threatens Rajkumari to commit suicide if she doesn’t give him money to meet his addictions.  With whatever income she gets, she runs monthly expenses and meets her bills. She has no savings. The added stress of her son makes her depressed. She says “even though I have enough to sustain my single life, I don’t have peace to sleep at night after a tiring day.”
The background to Rajkumari and her son’s life is important to see how lack of resources and opportunities can make life strenuous.  
Is Monu responsible for the pain that Rajkumari goes through? Should he be given full responsibility for it? This situation opens our eyes to various grave problems existing in the society.
If we look at Rajkumari, after her husband’s death who she was financially dependent on, put pressure on her daily life. She became the woman with no voice, who was not respected by her own sons. She chose not to live alone because she was afraid what would happen if a single young woman lived unaccompanied in her locality. This is a classic case of the helpless situation of uneducated, illiterate women.
Now, if we look at Monu, the 17 year old kid, ignorant as he may be, chose not to educate himself. But if you look deeper, he says “nothing ever happened in his school.” Is he to be blamed for this lack of education?  Is it his fault that he was not given quality primary education which could have made him pursue further studies and not waste his life?
Poverty, lack of quality education and lack to basic resources has ruined many such lives in India and countries around the world. Hence it is important to achieve the Sustainable Developmental Goals (SDGs) which aim to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity becomes important. It is vital to improve individual’s quality of life.
We can find many such Rajkumari’s and Monu’s spread over areas, not able to live a good life due to lack of resources and opportunities. It is important to create an atmosphere where individuals are living  quality life rather than just passing each day for the same hardships to be faced the next day.

Supraja Mahesh

Picture Credits: Kunal Raj

On Life and Literacy

 

When you read the book in your hand or an article on the internet, maybe much like this one, do you ever think, “Wow I can understand what this possibly random streak of alphabets on paper mean to convey to me”. No? Neither do I. However, when I started my Arabic language classes, I saw how hard reading can really be.  

Literacy is something that most of us take for granted. I can recall when I was only a tiny child, perhaps the middle of the first decade of my life on planet earth, my mother talking to me in a mix of a multitude of languages. But talking and understanding a language is a completely different beast than reading and writing a language. If you came up to me today, I would be multilingual and fluent, as most Indians are, however if you asked me to write sentences in the same languages, you will find me puzzled, as most Indians are.

When I decided to take up Arabic, I discovered the difficulty of learning a language from scratch when you’re no longer a child and believe me, it is not the most pleasant feeling. The letters don’t seem to go together, the pronunciation is impossible, and the sentences look a child’s construction with Lego.

Now imagine the lives of the millions of people, not only across India, but across the globe who are completely illiterate. People who can’t read a newspaper or browse through the internet. 287 million adults in India and 785 million across the globe are illiterate. These are the people that are being left behind in this era of rapid information gathering and dissemination.

We often think of issues in watertight compartments; this issue has education, this one with poverty, this one with food insecurity, and so on. However, if a person just thinks about it, they will realize that all of this is connected. The issue of illiteracy does not just have to deal with education, it has to deal with poverty, food insecurity, political instability, and a plethora of other reasons.

The UNFAO once estimated that 57 million children worldwide, would not be able to attend primary school, 80% of which were living in rural areas, and that is how this cycle of poverty and hunger continues victimizing the families those who are already victims of its viciousness.
The UN has launched multiple efforts and agendas to combat these issues but with mild success. Currently, the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal number 1,2 and 4 deal with the issues of poverty, food insecurity, and education for all, however even this will result in mild success unless it is boosted by everyone who can and that includes us.

Every drop contributes to the ocean is one of the most meaningful phrases I have heard of in my life so far and I will definitely do all that I can to combat the issues of inequalities of all form. There are so many things a young person can do: volunteer at your local primary school, give the children in your neighborhood tuition classes or even give weekend classes to the impoverished children around your residential society. Help those worse off than you to break the cycle of illiteracy and poverty and help them to achieve and attain their fullest potential. Education truly is the stepping stone to all success.

 

“Opportunities to do great and wonderful things are usually
small and always there for those looking”

Nishant Mohile

Picture Credits: Kunal Raj

Peace & War

Shoot shoot shoot.

Blood.

Fire.

Orange skies.

House.

What house.

No house.

At all.

Run.

From your home.

Run.

For your life.

Run. Run. Run.

For as fast and as you can.

Run.

Because we live in a world that doesn’t recognize peace.

Knows only war.

Run.

Because you can’t not.

Run.

With all you can possibly gather.

Books. Degrees. Chargers. Laptops. Blood. Clothing. Flesh.

Run.

From a world that preaches hate.

Run.

From your own identity.

Or don’t.

And suffer.

Live. Like a refugee has to.

Never like a human.

But live.

For there’s only so many breaths you still need to take.

Breaths that don’t count.

Because we still make war.

And hate.

And bloodshed.

Not peace.

Not brotherhood.

No love left.

So run,

To a world anew.

Or don’t run.

And start a new world with you.
-Ujjwala Gangwal.

PEACE IN HISTORY

Our history books are filled with dates related to wars, raids, massacre and change in dynasties. In history, peace has a small space only in religious teachings, and that too was not followed religiously. Also, we considered the periods between wars related destructions peaceful. The more the developed cities and architecture during a dynasty reign, the more the region was considered peaceful.

But for our surprise, we never had a single definition of peace in past. Even many famous intellectuals of the past wrote about peace in negative terms. They didn’t value peace, glorified wars and argued that only war can lead to growth. Wars were considered as goal achievements and thus heroic. The seeming consensus around the idea of peace is a relatively recent phenomenon. 

In recent few centuries only, historians gave values to lives of common people and started collecting related knowledge. And so the meaning and value of peace were assessed in the better ways over these few years. Though we do not know the proper meaning of peace, talking about peace is a new popular trend. Every constitution, treaty, textbook, journal, social academician, journalist, change-maker, politician, and industrialist etc. relates something or other with Peace.

The desirability of pursuing peace is rarely questioned. The destructive face of fascism, Nazism, terrorism, world wars, and partition riots in history has taught us the meaning of peace. Such tragic conflicts and absence of peace haunt us. Still, wars, terrorism, and riots related news are very common in our daily news. So if we consider ourselves liberal or peaceful than our past, then we might be wrong. We carry more anger and mass destruction means than ever in the history. Not only national security, oppression, the demand of rights but road rage, parking space, land matters, even movie screening may lead to disagreements between people and in a society which may express themselves through open conflict, violence, and killings.

It may be argued that tyranny can be prevented only by being forcibly removed or the liberation struggles of oppressed people can be justified even though they may use some violence. But history has several examples which show that use of violence can never lead to long term peaceful future. Once deployed, it tends to spin out of control, leaving behind a trail of death and destruction.  So the idea of fighting the oppressors by using indiscriminate violence is both unethical and extremely risky.

The pacifists, who consider peace to be a supreme value, take a moral stand against the use of violence even for attaining just ends. They too recognise the need to fight oppression. However, they advocate the mobilisation of love and truth to win the hearts and minds of the oppressors. History also has champions of peace, both in the spiritual and secular domains i.e. Mahatma Gandhi and Goutam Buddha. Several age-old spiritual principles (e.g., compassion) and practices (e.g., meditation) are considered to achieve peace of mind.

So as per our understanding of peace in history, peace would be defined as the absence of violent conflict of all kinds including war, riot, massacre, assassination, or simply physical attack and structural violence, such violence arising from caste hierarchy, class disparity, patriarchy, colonialism, and racism/communalism. Peace is the harmonious coexistence of contented people. It can never be achieved once and for all. Peace is not an end-state, but a process involving an active pursuit of the moral and material resources needed to establish human welfare in the broadest sense of the term.

Reference: National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)

Photograph Credit: Mridul Upadhyay

This article was originally published at YourCommonwealth.Org

Female Genital Mutilation

 

WHO defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. More than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated.

 

A clearer and more direct description of FMG, according to me, would be – the barbaric practice of cutting female genitalia, a practice entrenched in deep gender inequality that only achieves the aim of violently discriminating against women and depriving them of an equal stand at its most basic level. This inhumane practice is a necessary social norm in African societies since almost 2000 years. The parts are cut because they are considered ugly. It is believed that the practice makes women more prone to fidelity and prevents the possibility of extra-marital sexual acts by reducing a woman’s libido. It is as unquestioned a practice, as say, sending children to school. Not conforming to convention is tantamount to not making one’s daughters ready for adulthood. They are deemed unfit for marriage. It is almost a religious requirement, yet ironically no religious scripts mention the practice.

FMG has become one of those traditions that societies keep continuing with, in a mindless rut without any reason or explanation.

 

Naturally, there are adverse health impacts including urinal, vaginal and sexual problems. The women are psychologically affected and can suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, low self-esteem and confidence, etc. If there are complications during the cutting, among other things like severe pain, swelling and shock, death is also a possibility.

 

We teach young children that if anybody tries to touch their private parts, or makes them feel uncomfortable in any such way, make noise and stop it immediately. At the same time, young girls are accompanied by their mothers for this brutal event. Without consent, they are betrayed violently, leaving them mentally and emotionally challenged.

 

FMG doesn’t only take place far away in tribal societies of Africa. Shushed up, it is prevalent in highly progressive and modern societies in India among the Bohra community, a Shia sub sect. Girls aged around six are taken to untrained midwives who perform the task. Mothers are forced to take their daughters by the older women of the community. It is shameful that this is imposed by women on other women, simply to fit in. Brave and courageous women of this community are finally speaking up about this tabooed topic to bring about an end to it and save other innocent lives from this heartless ‘tradition.’

 

This practice is a violation of human rights. It represents the savage and atrocious side of humanity. We all need to talk about FMG and fight against it not only to save women from this heinous torture but to redeem ourselves as a species, whole.

Salonie Dua

Picture by: Kunal Raj

GROWING IMPORTANCE OF SPORTS

Increasing popularity of television, computer, and video games contribute to our inactive lifestyles. The average child spends 24 hours a week watching television,playing video games and chatting. Rather this time could be spent in some recreational or physical activity. We need to be a role model for our children and younger siblings. If children see us active, they are more likely to be active and stay active for the rest of their lives.

For young growing minds and bodies, a healthy diet and an active lifestyle bring great results. Too many children these days come home and watch television instead of going to the community pool or playing a pick-up game of basketball or football.

More and more, we see children who are bored, because they haven’t been raised with a sports-minded attitude. Even if a child’s parent is not athletically inclined, they still need to help set recreational goals for their children. Children need something better of their own.

Sports and other recreational activities diminish unhealthy habits and patterns that may lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, joint pain and discomfort, heart disease, strokes and other serious causes. There is proof that students achieve more academically, when physically fit. But we can’t rely on the school/college programs to meet the physical needs . All families need to plan activities to be physically fit together, such as walking and talking and other outdoor activities throughout the day. This also helps building team spirit amongst todays generation.

It is not difficult to see why so many kids are on the path to being overweight. The culture of over eating, poor food quality and sedentary life styles is pervasive. Run in the park with the dog, bike ride as a family on the weekend, jogging with your favourite music plugged in not only refresh us but boost our morale and energy. This is a great way to spend time together, while being physically active and having a healty mind.

We should find activities that work for us and our family and implement sports and recreation together. Engaging in outside sports is a great opportunity for us to exercise and interact socially. Action sports such as cycling, skatting are popular, these kinds of activities are a great way to allow children to do what they want without any coaches or peer pressure.

It involves doing what we love while spending time with our friends, and staying healthy and active without realizing it. Participating in sports not only keeps us healthier and happier, but also teaches us the importance of goal setting, motivation, dedication and teamwork.

Truly sports are an integral part of what we need to learn. It will make a world of difference in adulthood and continue this pattern from generation to generation. When a child grows, bones grow faster than muscles and tenders. It is important for young people to believe they can accomplish and achieve whatever they desire, while feeling confident in their own interest and ability.

This is in itself will lead to high self- esteem, a sense of belonging, and encouraging a healthier lifestyle. What better way to stay healthy while having fun and doing what you love to do? A healthy and happy person will be bowling a strike, or scoring the winning goal, and even if we don’t, the satisfaction of a job well done, and friends and memories that will last us a lifetime. In the end i would just like to say that a healthy and physically fit life is the road to a long and successful stress free life and its never too late to start something fresh.

Picture Credits: Kunal Raj

 

GOD: The Question

Near end of Albert Camus’s existentialist novel “The Stranger,” Meursault, the protagonist, is visited by a priest who offers him comfort in the face of his impending execution. Meursault, who has not cared about anything up to this point, wants none of it. He is an atheist in a foxhole. He certainly has not been a strident atheist, but he claims to have no time for the priest and his talk of God. For him, God is not the answer.

Some 70 years later, Kamel Daoud, in his 2013 novel “The Meursault Investigation,” picks up the thread of Camus’s story. In one scene late in that novel, an imam hounds Harun, the brother of the unnamed Arab who was killed in “The Stranger.” In response, Harun gives a litany of his own impieties, culminating in the declaration that “God is a question, not an answer.” Harun’s declaration resonates with me as a teacher and student of philosophy. The question is permanent; answers are temporary. I live in the question.

Any honest atheist must admit that he has his doubts, that occasionally he thinks he might be wrong, that there could be a God after all — if not the God of the Judeo­Christian tradition, then a God of some kind. Nathaniel Hawthorne said of Herman Melville, “He can neither believe, nor be comfortable in his unbelief; and he is too honest and courageous not to try to do one or the other.” Dwelling in a state of doubt, uncertainty and openness about the existence of God marks an honest approach to the question.

There is no easy answer. Indeed, the question may be fundamentally unanswerable. Still, there are potentially unpleasant consequences that can arise from decisions or conclusions, and one must take responsibility for them.

Anyone who does not occasionally worry that he may be a fraud almost certainly is. Nor does the worry absolve one from the charge; one may still be a fraud, just one who rightly worries about it on occasion. Likewise, anyone who does not occasionally worry that she is wrong about the existence or nonexistence of God most likely has a fraudulent belief. Worry can make the belief or unbelief genuine, but it cannot make it correct.

People who claim certainty about God worry me, both those who believe and those who don’t believe. They do not really listen to the other side of conversations, and they are too ready to impose their views on others. It is impossible to be certain about God.

Bertrand Russell was once asked what he would say to God if it turned out there was one and he met him at judgment. Russell’s reply: “You gave us insufficient evidence.” Even believers can appreciate Russell’s response. God does not make it easy. God, if he exists, is “deus absconditus,” the hidden God. He does not show himself unambiguously to all people, and people disagree about his existence. We should all feel and express humility in the face of the question even if we think the odds are tilted heavily in favor of a particular answer. Indeed, the open­minded search for truth can unite believers and nonbelievers.

In a previous essay in The Stone, Gary Gutting re­conceived Pascal’s wager. Rather than consider it as a bet on whether God exists, which has tremendous consequences on one side and relatively trivial consequences on the other, we should consider it as a bet on whether to embrace a “doubt of indifference” or a “doubt of desire.” A doubt of indifference is simply a matter of not caring, and it has no clear benefits. By contrast, a doubt of desire approaches the question with the hope that a higher power could be found that would provide greater meaning and value to human existence. As Gutting sees it, the choice is obvious.

Of course, nonbelievers will object that there are various secular alternatives for finding meaning and value in life. Additionally, there is an assumption built into Pascal’s wager that we are talking about the God of the Judeo­Christian tradition. Nonbelievers may see no reason to favor that particular deity. So Gutting’s “doubt of desire” needs to be more explicitly conceived as an openness to the question in which the nonbeliever explores what various religious traditions have to offer. The nonbeliever might embrace the ethical teachings of Christianity, the yogic practices of Hinduism, the meditative techniques of Zen Buddhism, or any of the vast array of teachings and practices that the world’s religions have to offer. Such embrace may lead the nonbeliever to belief in God, or it may not.

This proposal should be taken in the other direction as well: There should be no dogmatic belief. The believer should concede that she does not know with certainty that God exists. There is no faith without doubt. The Trappist monk Thomas Merton wrote that faith “is a decision, a judgment that is fully and deliberately taken in the light of a truth that cannot be proven — it is not merely the acceptance of a decision that has been made by somebody else.”

Indeed, belief without doubt would not be required by an all­loving God, and it should not be worn as a badge of honor. As nonbelievers should have a doubt of desire, so, too believers should have a faith inflected by doubt. Such doubt can enliven belief by putting it at risk and compelling it to renew itself, taking it from the mundane to the transcendent, as when a Christian takes the leap of faith to believe in the resurrection.

We can all exist along a continuum of doubt. Some of us will approach religious certainty at one extreme and others will approach atheistic certainty at the other extreme. Many of us will slide back and forth over time.

What is important is the common ground of the question, not an answer. Surely, we can respect anyone who approaches the question honestly and with an open mind. Ecumenical and interfaith religious dialogue has increased substantially in our age. We can and should expand that dialogue to include atheists and agnostics, to recognize our common humanity and to stop seeing one another as enemy combatants in a spiritual or intellectual war. Rather than seeking the security of an answer, perhaps we should collectively celebrate the uncertainty of the question.

This is not to say that we should cease attempts to convince others of our views. Far from it. We should try to unsettle others as we remain open to being unsettled ourselves. In a spirit of tolerance and intellectual humility, we should see ourselves as partners in a continuing conversation, addressing an enduring question.

Ashutosh Malik

Picture Credits: Kunal Raj

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